An Iconic Sign, Union Jobs Connect Baltimore’s Middle Class

An Iconic Sign, Union Jobs Connect Baltimore’s Middle Class

Denise Drake grew up one of 11 siblings in Baltimore.


At nights, she’d gaze at the iconic Domino Sugar refinery that has long illuminated the city’s Inner Harbor.  But, she never realized just how close her home was to the refinery until she came to work there decades ago.

Today, Drake lives in the Baltimore County neighborhood of Windsor Mills in a home she purchased. She still drives into the city to work the sugar boiler controls inside the refinery not far from where she grew up.

Her home is one of the many ways her job at the refinery has changed her life.

“The benefits helped out with my family a lot,” she says while keeping a watchful eye on the boiler controls. “A lot for me. My children, my grandchildren and my great grandchildren.”

Drake boils liquid sugar in order to crystalize it into granulated sugar. From there, it spins and is dried until it is finally ready to be packaged. She’s a member of the United Food and Commercial Workers Union Local 392, which represents more than 300 employees at the Baltimore refinery.

Her story is one of three the American Sugar Alliance documented in Maryland as part of its series to bring the faces of U.S. sugar policy to the public and Congress as lawmakers debate the 2018 Farm Bill. The Farm Bill includes America’s no-cost sugar policy, which helps farmers and factory workers compete in a highly subsidized global sugar market.

And it helps Domino Sugar provide steady work in a city where good jobs can be hard to find, says Anthony Richmond.

He got a job at the refinery after working for a company that made paint.

“As a little kid, going down to the harbor with my parents, to a father taking my daughters down there, you can’t miss that big old orange sign,” he says. “You know, I guess I got stagnant at what I was doing. There really was no growth level there. So, I decided, hey, that big Domino Sugar sign outside looks interesting. Let’s take a shot at it. And it worked out for me.”

Today he’s a machine operator. The job is challenging but Richmond is a man who doesn’t mind a challenge.

He has three daughters. One recently got a good job, one graduated college, and another is heading there in the fall. He says he’s satisfied with his life. He’s able to take care of his family and has a job that is challenging and provides him with a long-term future.

“Jobs in general, across the board, are hard to come by,” he says. “Especially jobs where you are making a decent amount of money, great benefits, that have what I call retirement potential.”

It’s that kind of career that first attracted John Godleski to the refinery. He grew up down the street, and the Domino Sugars sign holds a special place in his childhood memories.

“When I was a kid, I always wanted to climb up on top of it,” he says.

He graduated from high school and immediately got a job at the refinery.

Twenty-eight years later, he works as one of the crane operators unloading raw sugar from boats in the harbor.  He never thought, as a kid, he would end up operating one of the two cranes.

“I just wanted to work here at Domino Sugar,” he said.  “It didn’t really matter what job I had. But as I got more seniority, as the years went on, I kind of liked the operations of the crane so I wanted to give it a shot.”

Godleski has four boys and still lives nearby. The job has provided him a good income and that’s something he hopes Congress will remember.

“These kinds of jobs are very important to Baltimore and middle-income families,” he says. “I recommend keeping it going because you want to keep the middle class the middle class.”

Watch these stories and more at facesofsugarpolicy.org.